IITC 2003

5th International Information Technology Conference,
"Towards an ICT enabled Society..."
1-7 December 2003
BMICH, Colombo, Sri Lanka


The fifth International Information Technology Conference (IITC) 2003 was held from 1-7 December in Colombo in order to realise the vision of moving towards an ICT (Information and Communication Technology) enabled society under the e-Sri Lanka slogan "Smart people - Smart Island".
The 5th IITC conference is focused on the theme “Towards an ICT enabled Society”. It is intended to make participants aware of the opportunities and advantages that would accrue to the citizens of Sri Lanka by a society driven by ICT. IITC 2003 brings together some of the world renowned authorities in the field of ICT who will speak on the trends and the directions in ICT, affecting industry and research.
During the conference, seven Keynote Speeches and over 25 internationally refereed papers would be presented by local and foreign ICT professionals and academics on topics of interest to the educational, medical, legal, finacial, banking, communications, security services, trading, shipping and transport sectors, both public and private.
Pre and post conference workshops held at UCSC.
  The conference and workshops will focus on important problems and potential solutions in important research areas of ICT such as

 •Infrastructure for e-society
 •Local language technologies
 •Computational intelligence
 •Visual computing
 •High performance and cluster computing
 •Information system security, privacy and legal issues
 •Mobile computing
 •Digital government
 •Data mining and warehousing
 •Technology management 
 •Societal applications of ICT
 •Electronic commerce and business applications
 •Technology enhanced learning
 •Bio-informatics and health information systems
 •Accessibility for the disabled
  Submissions of full papers for presentations & publications should conform to the research paper format atwww.iitc.lk/iitc2003/paper-format.pdf. Workshop/tutorial proposals must conform to the workshop/tutorial guidelines at

  Deadline for submission of full paper,
  Workshop/Tutorial proposals:15th 22nd September 2003
  Notification of acceptance: 13th October 2003
  Final version of paper: 3rd November 2003

  IITC2003-Main Organizing Committee
  C/o Infotel Lanka Society Ltd.,
  No 51, Marcus Fernando Mawatha, Colombo 7, Sri Lanka 
  Tel: +94-11-665261/2 (Attn: Sujee)
  Fax: +94-11-4713821
  E Mail : For Workshop info. - workshops@iitc.lk
              For info. on Papers - papers@iitc.lk
Organised by Infotel Lanka Society Ltd. 
Managed by UCSC
Printed by UCSC
Copyright @2003 Infotel Lanka Society Ltd.
Strategic Partner: Sri Lanka Telecom
Principal Sponsor: NCS
Co-sponsors: Virtusa, IDM, Softlogic, jica, Sida, B.S.S., e-wis, LankaCom Services, Ceylinco Internet Services



2nd December 2003

1800 - Address of welcome by Prof. V.K. Samaranayake

1810 - Presentation by SLT

1840 - Keynote: Delivery of citizen services: The Singapore experience - Dr. Chong Yoke Sin

1910 - Presentation by NCS

1915 - Address by Hon. Milinda Moragoda, Minister of Economic Reform, Science & Technology

1930 - Reception

3rd December 2003

0900 - Registration

0930 - Introductory Remarks - Prof. V.K. Samaranayake

0940 - Keynote: Bio Informatics - Prof. Siv Andersson

1010 - Keynote: How to build a successful e-government - Prof. Takefuji Yoshiyasu

1040 - Tea

Session Introduction: Digital Government

1110 - The Effectiveness of Digital Government as a Tool for Improved Service Delivery - M. Asgarkhani

1130 - eMoney Order System: The Smart way to Pay Online - K. De Zoysa & R. Dayarathna

1150 - Chip-based National ID Card – Characteristics & Feasibility - C-C. Chang

1210 - Keynote: Keynote: The 10 questions e-Govenment leaders should ask them selves - Mr. Jaijit Bhattacharya

1240 - Lunch

Session Introduction: e-Technologies

1350 - Keynote: Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) for all - Mr. Kawamura Hiroshi

1420 - Data Protection Law: An e-Business and e-Government Perception - P. Mahanamahewa

1440 - An Approach to eTransform Enterprises in Developing Countries - M. Kapurubandara, S. Arunatileka & A. Ginige

1500 - Mobile Technologies, providing new possibilities in Customer Relationship Management - D. Arunatileka & B. Unhelkar

1520 - Framework for modeling of tacit knowledge – Case study using Ayurvedic domain - D.S.K. Mendis, A.S. Karunananda & U. Samarathunga

1540 - Tea

Session Introduction: Computer and Network Security

1600 - Public Key Infrastructure Security and Interoperability Testing and Evaluation - J.A. Chaula & L. Yngstrom

1620 - Comparative Study on Security Issues of Wireless LAN - M.E. Haque & M.A. Saadi

1640 - Authorization System in Open Networks Based on Attribute Certificates - J. Mwakalinga, Eric Rissanen & Sead Muftic

1700 - A Notarization Authority for the Next Generation of E-Mail Systems - H. Ekanayake, K. De Zoysa & R. Dayarathna

1720 - Web Based Generic File Protection System - B. Arsakularatne, K. De Zoysa & R. Dayarathna

4th December 2003

Session Introduction: Human Language and Agent Technology

0910 - Keynote: Promoting an ICT enabled society - A case study of Sri Lanka and Tanzania - Dr. Shawn Mendes

0940 - A Statistical Machine Translation Approach to Sinhala - Tamil Language Translation - A.R. Weerasinghe

1000 - KANSEI Information Processing for Perception of Vowel Sounds - C.A. Marasinghe, A.P. Madurapperuama, S.G. Lambacher, W.L. Martens, Giragama, M. Cohen & S. Herath

1020 - Non-intentional Cooperative Behavior for an Agent based Intelligent Environment - R.A.C. Ranasinghe & A.P. Madurapperuma

1040 - Tea

1100 - Session Introduction: Visual Computing

1110 - Keynote: Immersive technologies for Health Informatics - Prof. Nick Avis, University of Cardiff, UK.

1140 - Asymmetry in Facial Expressions: 3D Analysis using Laser Rangefinder Systems - P. Gunaratne, N.D. Kodikara & Y. Sato

1200 - Image Coding Using the Self-similarity of Wavelet High-Frequency Components - S. Selvarajan & N.D. Kodikara

1220 - Keynote: The pedagogical paradigm shift in effective e-Learning - Johan Thorbiörnson & Margareta Hellström

1250 - Lunch

Session Introduction: User Interface and the Web

1400 - Learning Patterns: Towards the Personalization of - K.P. Hewagamage & R.S. Lekamarachchi

1420 - Web Site Visualization as a User Navigation Aid - S. Jayalal, P. Brereton & C. Hawksley

1440 - Applications of Fuzzy Logic in Web Information Retrieval - Liyanage & Bandara

1500 - Evaluation of Session Identification Heuristics in Web Usage Mining - H.A. Caldera & Y. Deshpande

1520 - Tea

Session Introduction: High Performance and Concurrent Computing

1550 - Hybrid Ant Colonies for Parallel Algorithms - W.R.M.U.K. Wickramasinghe & D.N. Ranasinghe

1610 - Engineering Optimization with Evolutionary Computation - A. Ratnaweera, S.K. Halgamuge & H.C. Watson

1630 - Some aspects of coordination paradigm in concurrent programming - D.N. Ranasinghe

1650 - Document Management Techniques & Technologies - J.P. Sathiadas & G.N. Wikramanayake

1710 - A Tool for the Management of ebXML Resources - S.S. Sooriarachchi, G.N. Wikramanayake & G.K.A. Dias



  • How to build a successful e-government
  • Recent Innovations in ICT
  • Computational Intelligence in the real-world
  • Enhancing your teaching with e-learning
  • European - Asian IT&C stakeholder meeting
  • Enhancing your Business with e-learning
  • E-Commerce Security - Problems, Solutions and Trends
  • Developing Secure Java Applications
  • Tutorial on Bio Informatics
  • Tutorial on Web Services
  • Broadband Access
  • Business Process Re-Engineering
  • Planning and implementing of switched-fixed-wireline and wireless networks
  • Implementation of UNICODE compatible Sinhala language support
  • ICT for the Blind (Three Days)



Enhancing your teaching with elearning (WS 11)
1st Dec 2003, 0900-1230 hrs 
This workshop will discuss how e-learning and the use of ICT can improve the way we teach and learn by using real life examples. It will answer questions such as; how can I use elearning in an innovative way to upgrade my teaching? What happens when we put the learner and learning in the centre? Why is the teacher’s role so important for student’s learning?
Resource Persons 
Dr. Johan Torbiornsson, Stockholm University, Mrs. Margareta Hellstrom, The Swedish Netuniversity, Sweden 
Sponsored by Sida
Enhancing your business with e-learning (WS10)
1st Dec 2003, 1330 – 1700 hrs 
This workshop will discuss how to make effective use of e-learning for upgrading the HR base of your organisation using real life examples. It will answer questions such as; how can I use e-learning in an innovative way to upgrade my organization? Why do we need computers to start communicating with each other? Why is learning design so important? What about tools and standards? 
Resource Persons 
Dr. Johan Torbiornsson, Stockholm University and Mrs. Margareta Hellstrom, The Swedish Netuniversity, Sweden 
Sponsored by Sida
Tutorial on Bio Informatics (WS 04)
2nd Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
With high speed computing power at one’s disposal, it is now possible to work on some of the major problems in Biotechnology linked to the Human genome project and other genome sequences currently in the public domain. These areas are fashionably referred to as Genomics, Protreomics and Structural Biology. This tutorial covers major areas of the bioinformatics with hands-on experience in on-line databases in Genetics
Resource Persons 
Dr. Siv Andersson, Uppsala University, Sweden together with a team of scientists from the University of Colombo.  
Sponsored by Sida
European - Asian IT&C stakeholder meeting (WS 15)
2nd Dec 2003, 1330 – 1700 hrs 
The Asia IT&C program of the European Union supports collaborative projects between European and Asian partners. This workshop will give examples of existing projects and explain how applications can be made 
Resource Persons 
Mr. Laurent Vanopstal, Asian Secretariat, Asia IT&C Program, Bangkok, Thailand and  Prof. V.K. Samaranayake, Member, Advisory Panel, Asia T&C  
Sponsored by EU-Asia IT&C program
E-Commerce Security – Problems, Solutions and Trends (WS 02)
5th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
This tutorial will provide a comprehensive overview of problems, solutions and trends in the area of electronic commerce security. The tutorial highlights the risks posed by insecure e-commerce systems and identifies strategies, which can be used to help to mitigate these risks
Resource Persons 
Jeffy Mwakalinga, Researcher, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, Chih-Chun Chang, Researcher, George Washington University, USA, Kasun De Zoysa and Rasika Dayarathne, University of Colombo School of Computing, Sri Lanka.  
Computational Intelligence in the real-world (WS 06)
5th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1230 hrs 
The major objective of this tutorial is to assemble a collection of presentations that reflect the latest advances in the area of artificial intelligence. These presentations cover both the recent advancement of artificial intelligence techniques and their applications in the field of engineering and science. Topics 
such as Evolutionary computation techniques, Fuzzy control systems, Neural networks and their applications, Data mining, Hybrid soft computing techniques, Computer vision and image processing, and Machine learning will be covered in this tutorial. 
Resource Persons 
Dr. G.E.M.D.C.Bandara, University of Peradeniya, Mr. Ravinndra Koggalage and Mr. Asanga Ratnaweera, University of Melbourne, Australia
How to build a successful egovernment (WS 01)
5th Dec 2003, 1330 – 1700 hrs 
This workshop will cover key goals of egovernment such as making better use of ICT investments to eliminate wasteful government spending, reduce government’s paperwork and burden on citizens and businesses, and improve government response time to citizens  
Resource Persons 
Prof. Takefuji, Keio University, Japan, Mr. Lalith Weeratunge, ICT Agency, Sri Lanka and Prof. V.K. Samaranayake, University of Colombo School of Computing, Sri Lanka and the National Center for Digital Government, Harvard University, USA  
Developing Secure Java Applications (WS 03)
6th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
This tutorial will provide a comprehensive overview of developing secure Java applications. Experienced Java security application developers will lead you through important areas of Java security including Signed Applets, Java Cryptography, Secure RMI and Java Smart Cards.
Resource Persons 
Jeffy Mwakalinga, Researcher, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, Chih-Chun Chang, Researcher, George Washington University, USA, Kasun De Zoysa and Rasika Dayarathne, University of Colombo School of Computing, Sri Lanka.  
Broadband Access (WS 08)
Dec 6th 900 – 1700 hrs 
This tutorial will offer a technical overview of resent developments in the area through presentations and demonstration. Topics such as Digital Subscriber Loop (DSL), Data over Cellular Systems, 3rd Generation Cellular Systems, Fixed Broadband Wireless Access, and Wireless LANs will be covered during the presentation. Participants  of this tutorial will obtain a good understanding of modern broadband communication technologies and 
their applications, and how each technology can contribute to the development of the telecommunication infrastructure in Sri Lanka.  
Resource Persons 
Dr. Deleeka Dias, Dr. Gihan Dias, Dr. Nandana Rajatheva, Mr. Kithsiri Samarasinghe, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka 
Implementation of UNICODE compatible Sinhala language support (WS 14)
6th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
This workshop will discuss the issues concerning the implementation of Sinhala UNICODE support on Windows and Linux platforms. It will provide practical exposure to the tools and techniques required for activities ranging from developing Sinhala fonts to building keyboard drivers. 
Resource Persons 
Dr. Ruvan Weerasinghe, Harsha Wijayawardhana, University of Colombo School of Computing Sri Lanka 
Tutorial on Web services (WS 07)
7th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
Web services use a sophisticated infrastructure to provide a simple mechanism for client applications to invoke methods and obtain results from server applications regardless of differences in source language and host platform. This tutorial will cover various topics in the area of web services and simulate a common use case: taking an existing service, and exposing it as a Web service for point-topoint synchronous integration. It provides an 
opportunity to understand the process of creating, deploying, and testing a Web service – processes shared by most full-scale applications.  
Resource Persons 
Dr. Sanjeva Weerawarna, IBM Watson Research Centre, USA and Lanka Open Software Foundation
Business Process Re-Engineering(WS 12)
7th Dec 2003, 900 – 1700 hrs 
This workshop will present various theoretical frameworks available in the current literature which are formulated to cover various aspects of the BPR process, especially the application of IT and then to illustrate the need for an integrative and holistic approach for success.  In addition, many case examples will be presented, to cover the application of methodologies, tools and techniques of BPR in a practical situation.  
Resource Person 
Dr.Bandu  Ranasinghe, IDM Group, Sri Lanka
Planning and implementation of switched-fixed-wire line and wireless networks (WS 13)
7th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
With the proliferation of low cost-high speed Ethernet technology, it has now become possible to implement efficient campus networks, both small and large scale. In this tutorial we will look at the switched Ethernet technology and IP technology, the steps to be taken from the planning stage to the 
implementation stage of such networks. It will also cover wireless local area technologies and last mile options 
Resource Persons 
Dr. Buddy Liyannage, United Kingdom, Dr. D.N. Ranasinghe, University of Colombo School of Computing, Sri Lanka.  
Sponsored by Dialog 
Three day special workshop   
ICT for Blind People (WS 09)
4th – 6th Dec 2003, 0900 – 1700 hrs 
This workshop teaches and demonstrates Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) for blind people. DAISY is often used to refer to a standard for producing accessible and navigational multimedia documents for those people who are blind or visually impaired. Using DAISY standard, content creators, librarians and book publishers can produce a Digital Talking Book (DTB), synchronize an electronic text file with audio, generate electronic Braille files from electronic texts and produce structured digital “text-only” documents for blind and visually impaired personnel. This tutorial offers a wide variety of presentations based on the above for audiences who have different levels of knowledge about the DAISY standard and its applications. 
Resource Person 
Mr. Kawamura Hiroshi, Keio University, Japan Participation is by invitation. For further details contact ADMTC, UCSC. Phone +94 11 2503152 
Sponsored by JICA  
Recent innovations in ICT
Prof Takefuji, Keio University, Japan 
5th Dec 2003, 1700 – 1800 
In this lecture attendees will hear about the newest advancements in IT related equipment. The presenter will introduce and demonstrate various IT equipment and the innovations that add value to it. At the end of this lecture participants would understand where the IT equipment industry is moving and how future concerns will be addressed. 
Sponsored by JICA



Main Organizing Committee
Prof. V.K. Samaranayake (Chairman)
Mr. Chandana Weerasinghe
Dr. Sanjiva Weerawarana
Dr. Bandu Ranasinghe
Mr. Sriyan De Silva
Dr. Prasad Wimalaratne

Mr. K. Ramthas
Mr. David Dominc
Mrs. C. Jayalath

Papers & Workshops
Dr. Ruvan Weerasinghe
Dr. Ajith Madurapperuma
Dr. Carmel Wijewardena
Dr. Ajantha Athukorala
Dr. Kasun De Zoysa
Dr. Rukshan Athauda

Mr. Rohith Udulagama
Mr. Rohan Sirisena
Mr. Niranjan De Silva

Mrs. Girty Gamage


Prof. V.K. Samaranayake

Dr. Ruvan Weerasinghe

Dr. Prasad Wimalaratne