e-Courts: Infusion of Information Technology into the Justice Delivery System

J. Shahani, P. Jain

ABSTRACT

The leveraging of IT tools into the justice delivery mechanism and related processes is the central theme of this paper which exhaustively draws upon the Singaporean experiences and Indian practices, to present a comprehensive blueprint for an e-enabled judiciary. Besides exploring the current setup in Singapore and efforts being made in India, it also lists out the various factors critical to its success. e-Courts will radically transform the processes and structures of the judicial setup, making it less power-laden & less hierarchical, empowering courts to serve better and to be more responsive to the changing needs of the times. It has a potential for stronger institutional capacity building and for better service delivery. Besides being cost effective in the long term and enabling free flow of information, it will address issues of concern such as transparency and accountability in the system. With persistent exposure to IT, there is now an acceptance by both the judiciary and the legal profession that unless IT is leveraged to the justice delivery system, the mode of justice dispensal will become archaic and outmoded. The authors have applied their insight into the legal profession to define accordingly the needs and expectations which the stakeholders in the process- the judges, the lawyers & the litigating publicmight have of the IT-enabled infrastructure in the courts.